July 24, 2010

Shanbanqiao Opera Life Cultural Center

國劇臉譜運用不同的色彩與線條,來象徵不同的性格與命運,透過臉譜的勾畫,點出了生、旦、淨、末、丑各個角色的忠奸善惡,這樣充滿張力的表現方式,不僅烘托出戲劇的效果,也讓臉譜彩繪展現了獨特的藝術之美。想了解每張臉譜背後的故事,可以走訪苗栗三義的「山板樵臉譜文化館」。

Chinese Opera Facial Makeup is done with different colors and lines to present different characters and fates. Through the facial outline, “Sheng (male)”, “Dan (female)”, ”Jing (colorful facial-radical character)”, Mo (elderly)” “Chou (comedian)” present different roles, expressions, opera effects, and the unique beauty of art. If you would like to know the story of each character, come to visit “Shanbanqiao Opera Life Cultural Center” in Sanyi Township, Miaoli County.

山板樵臉譜文化館位於苗130縣道約19公里處的叉路內,縣道旁設有醒目的大招牌,相當的容易找尋。這裡原先有一座用三根大木板所造的木橋,因此取作「山板樵(三板橋)」,不過木橋已早拆除,改建成水泥橋了。

The museum is located at the intersection about 19 kilometers from the Miao County Road 130. An eye-catching sign is set up on the road side. It has a wooden bridge constructed with three large wood boards, so it is named “Shanbanqiao (three banqiao). The wooden bridge has been replaced by a concrete bridge now.

[一步入園區即可見到一整排巨大的彩繪臉譜]

A large colored facial can be seen once we entered the park.

原本在三義鬧區從事木雕工作的林文源與彭妃玉夫婦,因父親生病需就近照顧的關係,而將木雕工作室搬回位於山間的老家來。因木雕產業逐漸式微,再加上工作室所在位置又人煙稀少,讓兩夫妻不得不思考轉型之路。他們從木雕創作走向木雕教學,因緣際會下又投入了臉譜彩繪的創作,而成立了這間臉譜文化館。

Mr. Lin Wenyuan and his wife were doing wood engrave work in downtown Sanyi. They moved back to their hometown in the mountain to take care of their ill father. They recognized that the wood work business had declined and there was a need to transform their business. From the wood sculpture creation to wood sculpture teaching, the Opera Facial Painting was created and the museum was built.

不同的臉譜色彩有著不同的涵義,主色為紅色的代表正直正義、赤膽忠心;黑色為剛毅正直、粗莽憨厚;白色為陰險、奸詐狡猾;青、藍色為剛強暴躁、桀傲不遜,黃色為殘暴、工於心計,而金色為神佛等人物。

Different facial colors have different meanings. The main role is the red color which presents integrity, justice, utter devotion. The black is integrity, simple and honest. The white is sinister and treacherous cunning. The blue is strong temper and impertinent. The yellow is brutal. The gold is deities.

在園區內到處都可以運用臉譜做成的大小裝飾品,路燈也不例外。

Lots of different sized decorations made from the opera facials can be seen in the park, including the street lamp.

沿著木棧道準備入館參觀。館外是露天咖啡座,在這樣的環境喝下午茶很愜意。

Along the wooden walkway, we entered the museum. The open air coffee shop is outside the museum. Quite pleasant having an afternoon tea here!

臉譜文化館內,一張張色彩繽紛的臉譜掛滿了牆面,視覺上十分震憾。

Lots of eye-catching opera facials are hanging on the walls.

彭小姐說當年SARS疫情暴發,觀光產業深受影響,因無人上門成天閒來無事,一家四口便開始畫起了臉譜,且一畫就不發不可收拾,三年時間總共完成的上千件國劇臉譜。

Ms. Peng said that tourism industry was affected a lot by the SARS. Therefore, they started to paint the opera facial and completed almost a thousand pieces within 3 years.

臉譜彩繪DIY是來到山板樵不可錯過的體驗活動。如果時間有限,也可以選擇面積小一點、困難度低一點的彩繪藍布吊飾。藍布吊飾總共有六種版型,選好自己喜歡的版型,就可以開始上色了。

The facial DIY painting is an activity that we definitely would not miss. If we had enough time, we would have selected a smaller and more challenging blue clothes decoration. There are 6 patterns for the blue clothe decorations. Pick the one you like and start to paint.

每上好一種顏色,必須要烘乾才能再上另外的顏色,不然顏色會混在一塊。彩繪藍衫看起來很簡單,但實際操作起來卻不是這麼一回事,要把線條畫直且粗細均勻,我覺得頗難的。

After each coloring, wait until it dries to add another color to avoid mixing the colors. It looks very simple, but it is quite challenging to get the line straight and even.

完成彩繪後要再上一層防水漆,最後加上包裝就大功告成了。體驗完彩繪活動後,不妨在園區內散散步或喝下午茶,享受一下悠閒時刻!

After all the colors were in, the water prove coating was added to complete the whole process. After this, take a break by strolling in the park or drink a cup of tea!

Shanbanqiao Opera Life/山板樵臉譜文化館

Address: No.138, Shuangliantan, Sanyi Township, Miaoli County

Telephone: (037) 875-766

地址:苗栗縣三義鄉雙連潭138號

電話:(037) 875-766 Read More

11 comments:

1ondoncalling said...

We did that masks at my school in Malaysia too.
I put my artwork on my bedroom wall, but I took them down eventually, it was kinda scary to look at in sleepless nights! Ha ha...

Did they show you 四川變臉 at the Centre?
My mother who has been to Sichuan told me that was really amazing!!
Better than magic! Ha ha...

kristen and micki said...

I have seen 四川變臉 in Chengdu. It was fascinating! The face changes in a blink of an eye~~

shloke said...

Very informative! I've always heard about 'Fa Dan' in Cantonese opera I'm not sure exactly the meaning of the two words. I thought 'Fa Dan' is a general term for opera singers :) Thanks for sharing!

The framed opera masks on the wall are beautiful! Hey Micki, what is written on those small wooden plates beneath the wall mask?

Cheers!

kristen and micki said...

@Mylo- I think what you said the "Fa Dan" in Cantonese is the "Hua Dan" in Mandarin. "Hua Dan" means "female character" in the Opera. The plate beneath the opera facial indicates what the character represents. The signatures of the media or celebrities are also showing on some plates.

shloke said...

Hey Micki, thanks for the info!

lechua said...

the eye of the painted face in the 4th picture looks so realll.... nearly spooky..

fufu said...

oh...awesome!!!! i saw the changing face show in beijing, they used a lot of different colourful masks which look similar to the facial makeup here! hehehe =p thanks for the info :)

Rafael Lam said...

I like the Chinese Opera Facial Makeup mask, it always stop my eyes to look for them!
I never think these faces can be so big! This is really a great place, I think I will get many souvenirs if I visit there!

kristen and micki said...

@Mylo-Our pleasure!

@Lechua- It looks kind of cute to me!

@Fufu- I thought the changing face is awesome,, and still trying to figure out how they do that...?

@Rafael- I thought the idea of making a large size of the facial in the park is very creative and definitely is eye-catching as well!

Zhu said...

The masks are truly beautiful!

I went to see Chinese opera a couple of times in Beijing but I didn't understand much about it. I should have read more about the meaning of the masks etc.

kristen and micki said...

@Zhu- Indeed it is hard to understand the Chinese Opera even we are the native speakers. Sometimes the subtitle of the script may help a little bit! :)

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